Types of Heating Systems: Their Advantages and Disadvantages


Heating in a private home allows you to consider a wider range of different solutions than in a high-rise building. However, to get really comfortable living conditions at a reasonable cost, it is necessary to study the possibilities and costs of different heating systems.

Why you should choose a heating system carefully

The choice of a particular solution depends on many factors. In general, the essence of the choice can be reduced to a formula, according to which heating should be effective at minimum cost. What heating system is better in a particular case, should be decided based on a careful analysis of all factors.

Naturally, the first place in the list of factors is the level of comfort in the room. As a rule, a comfortable temperature of 18 to 22 degrees Celsius is considered comfortable.

Another important function of the heating system is to create conditions where dampness and mold cannot appear. A well-heated house lasts much longer without needing repairs. The same goes for all the things that are in the house. Including furniture.

Heating systems for private homes, the types of which are diverse, have a noticeable cost. For this reason, it is often necessary to choose the most economical option from those that fully meet all technical and operational requirements. It is best to entrust this choice to experienced professionals who have experience and high qualifications.

What are the heating systems of a private house

In order to make the right choice, you should first find out what there are heating systems for a private house. Based on the heat carriers used, the most common are the following solutions:

Water heating system. This is a very popular solution. The heat carrier here is water, the heating of which can be carried out with the help of a boiler of any type. Heat is delivered to the destination through pipes. And the heat output comes from cast iron, steel or bimetallic batteries. There are many schemes of pipe wiring. Such a system is durable, easy to use and works quietly. But heating is quite slow, during conservation it is necessary to remove water from the system and periodically clean the radiators.

Steam heating system. As in the previous case, water is heated with the help of a boiler. Heating occurs to a vaporous state. The environmentally friendly system works quickly and is very efficient. However, the high temperature inside the system leads to wear and tear on the engineering networks. In addition, the system is difficult to install and explosive. Additional permits are required for its arrangement. And there is also noise when operating such a system.

Air heating system. The point of this solution is to heat the air, with its subsequent supply to the target with the help of ducts and fans.This is an economical and very efficient system. It can be used to heat localized areas of the house. The system can be configured to operate in air conditioner mode. However, it has disadvantages too. It is bulky and should be planned at the design stage of the house.

Electric heating system. Performed by qualified specialists, the system is characterized by a high level of efficiency and can be maximally automated. Direct sources of heat can be electric fireplaces, convectors, all kinds of infrared heaters and even a warm floor. However, the system depends on an uninterrupted supply of electricity. Yes, and the cost of electricity should be taken into account when calculating the cost of operating such a solution.

It is worth noting that part of the energy for heating the house can be taken with the help of such devices as heat pumps and solar panels. This will allow, to a large extent, to optimize the costs of heating the house. However, these types of home heating systems should only be used as auxiliary systems. In addition, in both cases, you should take into account the real possibility of using the solution in a particular area.

How to choose the right heating system

When planning a solution for a particular house, various factors should be taken into account. It is best to order a calculation from specialists, which will take into account the natural factors, the climate of the area, the physical characteristics of the building materials from which the house is built. At the same time, such a calculation should contain data on the feasibility of using a particular heating system.

Before choosing a home heating system, pay attention to these points:

  • Reliability and durability of the system. Heat should flow uninterruptedly, and the system – to cope with its tasks even in the most difficult weather conditions.
  • Safe operation of the system. Heating should eliminate any safety issues. For this purpose, you should buy certified equipment and entrust its installation and commissioning work exclusively to experienced professionals.
  • Economic feasibility. It is necessary to choose the type of system, based on the real needs of a particular house. It is necessary to take into account not only the cost of the heating system and its installation, but also the cost of its subsequent use. Especially when it comes to the price of energy carriers.

Choosing a heating system for a private house is a responsible task, which should involve specialized specialists with many years of experience and a good reputation.